No Time for Complacency: Teen Births in California
Converging evidence: Sex ed in the U.S. (JAH editorial)
CRAHD testimony to Assembly Health Committee special hearing on STDs
PSRH article on California parent preferences on sex education
APPAM paper on Evidence-b(i)ased policy deliberation
CJHP article on STIs among California youth
CRAHD testimony to Senate and Assembly Health Committees on AB629
Review of Kristin Luker's When Sex Goes to School
The National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy Scarlet Letter ads
California Comprehensive Sexual Health and HIV Prevention Education Act (SB71)
CDE Teenage Pregnancy Prevention Grant Program evaluation critique
Promoting Comprehensive Sexual Health and HIV/STD Prevention Education for Adolescents
The following documents highlight approaches to promoting adolescent sexual health, the impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic on young people, some of the things that we need to be doing better, and what young people, parents, and teachers are thinking.
Promoting Healthy Adolescent Sexual Behavior: A Youth Development Perspective (pdf file). Norm Constantine, presented to the California HIV Planning Group meeting (2000), and the Child Welfare League of America's Florence Crittenton Roundtable (2000), the California Public Health Association (2001), and the California Healthy Schools/Healthy People (2002) annual conferences.
Several approaches to promoting healthy and responsible adolescent sexual behavior employed in the US and Europe are compared, and each approach is appraised in terms of its congruence with the fundamental transitions and developmental issues of adolescence, and the three youth development principals of rights, respect, and responsibly. The National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy "scarlet letter" ads are critiqued, and compared to more positive alternative messages and frames. Statistics of youth health behavior related outcomes across countries are compared. (The live presentation also includes examples of European and US youth-focused print and video social marketing media, together with video segments of interviews with European and US youth responding to similar questions about sexual health.)
Dangerous Inhibitions: How America is Letting AIDS Become an Epidemic of the Young. Chris Collins, UCSF AIDS Research Institute and Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, 1997.
From the preface: "AIDS is increasingly a disease of the young in the United States. This situation is unacceptable. The numbers of new infections are skyrocketing among African-Americans and Latinos. This is also unacceptable. Clearly, our prevention programs are failing. This monograph challenges everyone to do something about the HIV epidemic among young people. We believe: (1) prevention paradigms must change;(2) our research methods are missing the mark; (3) government cannot do this work itself it is too encumbered; (4) the private sector needs to step forward and contribute additional expertise and resources to existing HIV prevention efforts. This monograph is a call to action on these fronts. We urge you to read it, distribute it, and act upon it."
Sex Education in the U.S.: Policy and Politics. The Kaiser Family Foundation, 2003.
This issue brief examines the federal, state and local policies that guide approaches to sex education today. It also examines recent research into community-level experiences and practices, as well as emerging evidence about the effectiveness of different types of sex education curricula.
Sex Education in America: A View from Inside the Nations Classrooms. The Kaiser Family Foundation, 2000.
A series of new national surveys of students and their parents, teachers, and principals from the Kaiser Family Foundation on Sex Education in America, was released recently at the National Press Club in Washington, DC. Challenging the convention that Americans are reluctant to have sexual health issues taught in school, the surveys show that most parents, along with educators and students themselves, would expand sex education courses and curriculum. Michel McQueen Martin, ABC News "Nightline" correspondent, moderated a discussion with students, parents, and teachers about their personal experiences and wishes for the future of sex education. Dr. Ramón Cortines, former Chancellor New York City Public Schools gauged the response from the education community.
Do As I Say... Should We Teach Only Abstinence in Sex Education? Chris Collins, UCSF AIDS Research Institute and Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, 1997.
From the introduction: "In health promotion, as in medical care, the informed practitioner usually chooses a proven-effective strategy over one for which there is no indication of effectiveness. Anything else is malpractice. If policy makers were physicians, they would prescribe what the current sexuality education research indicates actually works: tested comprehensive sexuality education programs. They would not be willing to take a chance on an unproven therapy (i.e., abstinence-only sexuality education), outside of limited studies designed specifically to test the intervention's effectiveness."
Consensus Statement on Adolescent Sexual Health. National Commission on Adolescent Sexual Health, 1995.
This statement reflects the consensus of the National Commission on Adolescent Sexual Health. The Consensus Statement has been endorsed by more than 50 national organizations, including the American Medical Association, the American School Health Association, the Society for Adolescent Medicine, the Child Welfare League of America, and the YWCA. Facing Facts: Sexual Health for America's Adolescents, the full report of the National Commission on Adolescent Sexual Health, can be ordered from the Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States (SIECUS).
No Time to Lose: Getting More From HIV Prevention. Institute of Medicine, 2000.
From the CDC Division of Adolescent and School Health: "This report contains many recommendations regarding HIV/AIDS prevention. One of these directly affects school-based HIV prevention. It reads as follows: "Congress, as well as other federal, state, and local policy makers, eliminate requirements that public funds be used for abstinence-only education, and that states and local school districts implement and continue to support age-appropriate comprehensive sex education and condom availability programs in schools."